Angola's War Economy: The Role of Oil and Diamonds

This study reflects possibly the most complete work on the Angolan war economy.

01 Nov 2000 / Edited by Jakkie Cilliers and Christian Dietrich

The Angolan war, now entering its fifth decade, initially coincided with a period of intense Cold War rivalry but has continued unabated thereafter, reflecting remarkable adaptive characteristics and the ability to survive Africas political and strategic marginalisation. Cold War patronage has been replaced by the instrumentalisation of oil and diamonds as part of the ongoing insurgency.

Read More
Peace, Profit or Plunder? The Privatisation of Security in War-Torn African Societies

01 Jan 1999  /  Edited by Jakkie Cilliers and Douglas Fraser

Much has been said on the narrow field of mercenaries, but less has been researched on the context in which this phenomenon occurs. It is to address the broader spectrum of this complex problem that the Institute for Security Studies and the Canadian Council for International Peace and Security undertook a collaborative project over more than eighteen months that has now culminated in the publication of this book. It aims to contribute to an understanding of the trend towards the privatisation of security — and even of war — in Africa within its wider context.

Read More
About Turn: The Transformation of the South African Military and Intelligence

The transformation of the South African military is an intriguing process.

01 Nov 1995  /  Edited by Jakkie Cilliers and Markus Reichardt

The transformation of the South African military is an intriguing process. As sworn enemies, the South African Defence Force (SADF), long perceived as the embodiment of white racial oppression, together with its sometime offspring, the armed forces of Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Transkei and Venda, initially locked horns in an armed struggle against their 'opponents', Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) and the Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA). But this was less of a war, than conflict by proxy. In the years preceding the April 1994 elections, both major protagonists, the SADF and MK, were overtaken by the rising tide of resistance which emgulfed South Africa during the eighties the dramatic changes in the geo-strategic situation of the apartheid state following the coup in Portugal in 1973 and the decolinisation of Mozambique, Angola, the former Rhodesia and eventually Namibia. Although South Africa did not experience the armed conflict which characterised the decolonisation of most other African countries, the agreement between the armed forces in the final months prior to the April 1994 elections, proved crucial to the success of the South African transition.

Read More